Cookie use and management policy

1. Uses of cookies

Technical functionality cookies enable the site to function optimally.

By means of this policy, users are informed that the site uses cookies, trackers and/or tags.

These may be installed on your device subject to the choices and options users express at any time in accordance with this cookie use and management policy.

2. Purpose of this cookie use and management policy

In the interests of information and transparency, this cookie policy aims to inform users about the origin and purpose of the browsing information processed during their visit to the sites and about their rights.

3. What are cookies?

Cookies are small data files sent to the browser by a web server.                             

The term “cookie” covers various trackers that are deposited or read on a computer, tablet or mobile phone, for example when visiting a website, using an application, viewing advertisement or using a software program. The purpose of a cookie is to collect information about users’ browsing activity. This information may be used for various purposes, in particular: to identify users and allow them to access their accounts, to store in memory a language preference, expiry date or response domain, and to produce statistics, in particular about the use made of the Site or other sites or applications.

There are different types of cookies:

  • session cookies that disappear as soon as the user leaves the browser or site;
  • persistent cookies that remain on the user’s device until they expire cease being valid, or until the user deletes them using the features of their browser for example.

4. What cookies do we use?

The site uses cookies under our control, as well as other cookies under the control of third parties, which require users’ prior consent.

4.1 Cookies under the control of third parties

These cookies enable us to learn about the use and performance of our site and to improve its operation (for example, the pages most often visited, user searches using the search engine, etc.). The data we collect are not transferred to third parties or used for other purposes. Users can object to the use of these trackers at any time by configuring their browser.

The Google Analytics tool we use generates cookies as described on the official Google website.

4.2 Cookies under the control of third parties

These are cookies or trackers downloaded to your device by third-party entities (host, partners, etc.) when users browse the pages of our site. These entities have undertaken to comply with the laws in force on cookies/trackers and warrant the implementation of measures to protect and secure the data collected. These cookies are used to ensure the proper functioning of the site. They allow users to use the key features of our site. Users can object to the use of these trackers at any time by configuring their browser or using the “Refuse All” option.

Cookie NamePlaced ByCookie PurposeDuration (GDPR)Necessity
bcookieLinkedInBrowser identification cookie to uniquely identify devices accessing LinkedIn to detect abuse on the platform1 yearAnalytics
li_sugrLinkedInUsed to probabilistically match a user’s identity outside of designated countries1 yearAnalytics
li_gcLinkedInUsed to probabilistically match a user’s identity outside of designated countries1 yearAnalytics
UserMatchHistoryLinkedInSynchronization of LinkedIn Ads ID1 yearAnalytics
AnalyticsSyncHistoryLinkedInUsed to store information about the time a sync took place with the lms_analytics cookie1 yearAnalytics
uuidGoldenBeesOptimizes the relevance of ads1 yearAnalytics
gGoldenBeesUsed in context with the language parameter1 weekAnalytics
_ttpTikTokTo measure and improve the performance of your advertising campaigns and personalize the user experience (including ads) on TikTok1 monthAnalytics
IDEDoubleClickThis period shows the length of the period at which a service can store and/or read certain data from your computer by using a cookie, a pixel, an API, cookieless tracking, or other resources2 monthsAnalytics
_gcl_auGoogle AdsenseDescribes whether this specific cookie, localStorage, or other resource is responsible for sharing, collecting, or storing direct or indirect personal data1 monthAnalytics
_ttpTikTokTo measure and improve the performance of your advertising campaigns and personalize the user experience (including ads) on TikTok1 monthAnalytics
_scidSnapchatThis cookie is used by Snapchat. It assigns a unique identifier to the visitor to allow third-party advertisers to target them with relevant ads. This matching service is provided by third-party advertising centers, which facilitates real-time bidding for advertisers1 monthAnalytics
_scid_rSnapchatSets a unique identifier for the visitor, which allows third-party advertisers to target the visitor with relevant ads. This matching service is provided by third-party advertising hubs, which facilitates real-time bidding for advertisers1 monthAnalytics
_ga_GLXM4R5RNXGoogle AnalyticsTo store and count page views1 monthAnalytics
_gaGoogle AnalyticsCalculate traffic and keep track of site usage6 monthsAnalytics
__utmzGoogle AnalyticsStore the source of traffic6 monthsAnalytics
pum-33920Pop UpStores the choice of closing the popup2 weeksNecessary
cookielawinfo-checkbox-necessarySFILStore consent for necessary cookies2 weeksNecessary
viewed_cookie_policySFILStore whether the user has consented to the use of cookies2 weeksNecessary
cli_user_preferenceSFILStore the user’s consent2 weeksNecessary
X-ABSC-StaticCookie associated with embedding content from Snapchat1 weekAnalytics
_gidGoogle AnalyticsStore information on how visitors use a website1 dayAnalytics
__utmbGoogle AnalyticsDetermine new sessions/visits1 dayAnalytics
__utmcGoogle AnalyticsDetermined by Google Analytics and deleted when the user closes the browserEnd of sessionAnalytics
__utmaGoogle AnalyticsDistinguish users and sessionsEnd of sessionAnalytics
__utmtGoogle AnalyticsStore the source of traffic10 minutesAnalytics
_gat_gtag_UA_78161961_1Google AnalyticsDistinguish unique users1 minuteAnalytics
_gatGoogle AnalyticsLimit the request rate1 minuteAnalytics
SERVERID108286Site operation2 hoursNecessary
cookielawinfo-checkbox-non-necessarySFILStore consent for non-necessary cookies1 monthNecessary
CookieLawInfoConsentSFILStore the summary of consent1 monthNecessary
__cfduid.fontawesome.comDetect malicious visitors1 monthNecessary

Google: To manage the cookies set by Google, we refer you to Google’s privacy policy:

5. Consent

The installation of certain cookies requires the consent of users when they log on.

In such case, when users visit the site, they are asked to accept cookies, configure them or refuse them before they are installed on their device. Cookies that require such consent may be chosen through the banner provided to users.

If users do not accept them, no cookies other than necessary cookies will be installed.

6. How to deactivate cookies deposited via the user’s browser?

Users can deactivate cookies at any time using their browser settings. Please note that these settings may change the conditions under which our site may be accessed.

To change the management of cookies in their browser, users can change the settings in the privacy & cookie management tab at the bottom of the page.

Configuration. Although most browsers are configured by default, users can choose whether to accept all cookies or refuse them systematically, or they can choose which cookies they will accept depending on the issuers. Users can also configure their browser (to be done for each device: tablets, smartphones, computers, etc.) to accept or refuse cookies on a case-by-case basis before they are installed. In addition, users can also regularly delete cookies from their device using their browser.

The management of cookies and user choices is configured differently on each browser. The procedure is described in the browser’s help menu and explains to users how to change their cookie preferences.

For example:

Users can also view the guide published by the French Data Protection Agency (CNIL), which is available at the following address:

If this policy is amended, the new version published on the website will become effective upon its publication. Please refer to it each time you visit the website to make sure you are familiar with the most recent version available.

Last update 17/10/2023